Marine Simulators – A Brief Description

NL 53 Marine Simulators – A Brief Description


Marine Simulators
Figure 1. Liquid Cargo Simulator

In GlobalMET Newsletter No. 50, I shared ALAM’s experience with Engine Room Simulators (ERS) from ALAM’s beginnings which included some introductory material on ERS as well.

In this newsletter, what I would like to do is to discuss more on Marine Simulator standards, functionality and use from a Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) point of view. Let’s get started!

There should be appropriate interfaces through which the trainees are able to interact with equipment in a simulated environment. According to the DNV Simulator Standards these simulators can be classed under 4 categories, namely:

1. Class A (full mission).
2. Class B (multi-task).
3. Class C (limited task).
4. Class S (special tasks) is used for simulators where the performance is defined on a case by case basis.

Besides class, Marine Simulators can also be further divided based on function, namely:

1. Bridge operation simulator
2. Machinery operation simulator
3. Radio communication
4. Cargo handling simulator
5. Dynamic positioning simulator
6. Safety and Security simulator
7. VTS (vessel traffic services) simulator
8. Survival Craft and Rescue Boat Operation simulator
9. Offshore Crane Operation simulator
10. Remotely Operated Vehicle Operation simulator

In the context of maritime training, the simulators are normally used for:

1. Mandatory simulator-based training.
2. Demonstrate competence (assessment).
3. Demonstrate continued proficiency.

According to STCW Code, section A-I/12 these simulators should fulfill 6 general performance standards and requirements for both training and assessment, namely:

● Suitable for the selected objectives and training tasks
● Capable of satisfying the specified assessment objectives
● Capable of simulating the operating capabilities of shipboard equipment to level of physical
● Realism appropriate to training and to the assessment objectives
● Sufficient behavioral realism to allow a trainee to acquire the appropriate skills and to the
● Assessment objective

● Capable of producing a variety of conditions (operating environment) which include
● emergency, hazardous or unusual situations relevant to the training objectives.

An appropriate interface through which the trainee should be able to interact with equipment in the simulated environment. The instructor/assessor should be able to control/monitor/record exercises for the effective debriefing relevant to the assessment objectives.

Of course the qualifications of instructors, supervisors and assessors also plays a very crucial role in ensuring that the simulators are used effectively to achieve their intended training outcomes; note the difference between objectives, outcomes and business results. For example, just because an individual appears to have exhibited certain behaviors doesn’t mean that they can be assessed as having achieved the required outcomes – two different things; especially if the simulators cannot properly simulate the right or realistic environment.

Therefore, any person conducting in-service training of a seafarer, either on board or ashore, which is intended to be used in qualifying for certification shall:

1. have an appreciation of the training programme and an understanding of the specific training objectives and required outcomes for the particular type of training being conducted.
2. be qualified in the task for which training is being conducted. 3. In addition, if conducting training using a simulator:
3.1 has received appropriate guidance in instructional techniques involving the use of simulators, 3.2 has gained practical operational experience on the particular type of simulator being used; and
4. Any person responsible for the supervision of in-service training of a seafarer intended to be used in qualifying for certification under the Convention shall have a full understanding of the training programme and the specific objectives and outcomes for each type of training being conducted.

Also, any person conducting in-service assessment of competence of a seafarer, either on board or ashore shall:

1. have an appropriate level of knowledge and understanding of the competence to be assessed.
2. be qualified in the task for which the assessment is being made.
3. have received appropriate guidance in assessment methods and practice.
4. have gained practical assessment experience; and
5. if conducting assessment involving the use of simulators, have gained practical assessment experience on the particular type of simulator under the supervision and to the satisfaction of an experienced assessor.

Lastly, the use of simulators for training can best be summarised by the following quote.


— Chinese proverb



Please follow and like us:
Follow by Email

No Comments Yet

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Making your blog better! $5 Dollars please!

Kuala Lumpur
broken clouds
humidity: 83%
H 26 • L 25
Weather from OpenWeatherMap
The Daily 202: Government shutdown foreshadows a 2018 of inaction and gridlock

Washington Post - 3 hours ago
With Breanne Deppisch and Joanie Greve. THE BIG...

Screen Actors Guild Awards 2018: 7 things you didn't see on the telecast

USA TODAY - 4 hours ago
During the Screen Actors Guild Awards, TV viewers...

Pence says US Embassy to make Jerusalem move next year on faster timetable

Washington Post - 1 hour ago
JERUSALEM — The United States will open its...

Shooting at Texas high school; suspect in custody, police say

Fox News - 1 hour ago
A shooting was reported at Italy High School in...

Manhunt after makeshift bomb explodes at small-town Florida mall

Washington Post - 2 hours ago
A police manhunt fanned out across central...

Nurse Faces Staggering 97 Murder Charges

The Daily Caller - 1 hour ago
Prosecutors have charged a German nurse with...

CANADA FX DEBT-C$ strengthens ahead of NAFTA talks as wholesale trade rises

Reuters - 2 hours ago
... * Canadian dollar at C$1.2459, or 80.26 U.S....

News via Google. See more news like this